PubMed 11790766

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1 , Kir2.3

Title: The interaction between the I-II loop and the III-IV loop of Cav2.1 contributes to voltage-dependent inactivation in a beta -dependent manner.

Authors: Sandrine Geib, Guillaume Sandoz, Véronique Cornet, Kamel Mabrouk, Odile Fund-Saunier, Delphine Bichet, Michel Villaz, Toshinori Hoshi, Jean-Marc Sabatier, Michel De Waard

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2002 Mar 22 , 277, 10003-13

PubMed link:

We have investigated the molecular mechanisms whereby the I-II loop controls voltage-dependent inactivation in P/Q calcium channels. We demonstrate that the I-II loop is localized in a central position to control calcium channel activity through the interaction with several cytoplasmic sequences; including the III-IV loop. Several experiments reveal the crucial role of the interaction between the I-II loop and the III-IV loop in channel inactivation. First, point mutations of two amino acid residues of the I-II loop of Ca(v)2.1 (Arg-387 or Glu-388) facilitate voltage-dependent inactivation. Second, overexpression of the III-IV loop, or injection of a peptide derived from this loop, produces a similar inactivation behavior than the mutated channels. Third, the III-IV peptide has no effect on channels mutated in the I-II loop. Thus, both point mutations and overexpression of the III-IV loop appear to act similarly on inactivation, by competing off the native interaction between the I-II and the III-IV loops of Ca(v)2.1. As they are known to affect inactivation, we also analyzed the effects of beta subunits on these interactions. In experiments in which the beta(4) subunit is co-expressed, the III-IV peptide is no longer able to regulate channel inactivation. We conclude that (i) the contribution of the I-II loop to inactivation is partly mediated by an interaction with the III-IV loop and (ii) the beta subunits partially control inactivation by modifying this interaction. These data provide novel insights into the mechanisms whereby the beta subunit, the I-II loop, and the III-IV loop altogether can contribute to regulate inactivation in high voltage-activated calcium channels.