PubMed 11723163

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Slo1 , Slo3

Title: Gating and conductance properties of BK channels are modulated by the S9-S10 tail domain of the alpha subunit. A study of mSlo1 and mSlo3 wild-type and chimeric channels.

Authors: B L Moss, K L Magleby

Journal, date & volume: J. Gen. Physiol., 2001 Dec , 118, 711-34

PubMed link:

The COOH-terminal S9-S10 tail domain of large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK) channels is a major determinant of Ca(2+) sensitivity (Schreiber, M., A. Wei, A. Yuan, J. Gaut, M. Saito, and L. Salkoff. 1999. Nat. Neurosci. 2:416-421). To investigate whether the tail domain also modulates Ca(2+)-independent properties of BK channels, we explored the functional differences between the BK channel mSlo1 and another member of the Slo family, mSlo3 (Schreiber, M., A. Yuan, and L. Salkoff. 1998. J. Biol. Chem. 273:3509-3516). Compared with mSlo1 channels, mSlo3 channels showed little Ca(2+) sensitivity, and the mean open time, burst duration, gaps between bursts, and single-channel conductance of mSlo3 channels were only 32, 22, 41, and 37% of that for mSlo1 channels, respectively. To examine which channel properties arise from the tail domain, we coexpressed the core of mSlo1 with either the tail domain of mSlo1 or the tail domain of mSlo3 channels, and studied the single-channel currents. Replacing the mSlo1 tail with the mSlo3 tail resulted in the following: increased open probability in the absence of Ca(2+); reduced the Ca(2+) sensitivity greatly by allowing only partial activation by Ca(2+) and by reducing the Hill coefficient for Ca(2+) activation; decreased the voltage dependence approximately 28%; decreased the mean open time two- to threefold; decreased the mean burst duration three- to ninefold; decreased the single-channel conductance approximately 14%; decreased the K(d) for block by TEA(i) approximately 30%; did not change the minimal numbers of three to four open and five to seven closed states entered during gating; and did not change the major features of the dependency between adjacent interval durations. These observations support a modular construction of the BK channel in which the tail domain modulates the gating kinetics and conductance properties of the voltage-dependent core domain, in addition to determining most of the high affinity Ca(2+) sensitivity.