PubMed 11487631

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.8 , Nav1.9

Title: Developmental expression of the TTX-resistant voltage-gated sodium channels Nav1.8 (SNS) and Nav1.9 (SNS2) in primary sensory neurons.

Authors: S C Benn, M Costigan, S Tate, M Fitzgerald, C J Woolf

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2001 Aug 15 , 21, 6077-85

PubMed link:

The development of neuronal excitability involves the coordinated expression of different voltage-gated ion channels. We have characterized the expression of two sensory neuron-specific tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium channel alpha subunits, Na(v)1. (SNS/PN3) and Na(v)1.9 (SNS2/NaN), in developing rat lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRGs). Expression of both Na(v)1.8 and Na(v)1.9 increases with age, beginning at embryonic day (E) 15 and E17, respectively, and reaching adult levels by postnatal day 7. Their distribution is restricted mainly to those subpopulations of primary sensory neurons in developing and adult DRGs that give rise to unmyelinated C-fibers (neurofilament 200 negative). Na(v)1.8 is expressed in a higher proportion of neuronal profiles than Na(v)1.9 at all stages during development, as in the adult. At E17, almost all Na(v)1.8-expressing neurons also express the high-affinity NGF receptor TrkA, and only a small proportion bind to IB4, a marker for c-ret-expressing (glial-derived neurotrophic factor-responsive) neurons. Because IB4 binding neurons differentiate from TrkA neurons in the postnatal period, the proportion of Na(v)1.8 cells that bind to IB4 increases, in parallel with a decrease in the proportion of Na(v)1.8-TrkA co-expressing cells. In contrast, an equal number of Na(v)1.9 cells bind IB4 and TrkA in embryonic life. The differential expression of Na(v)1.8 and Na(v)1.9 in late embryonic development, with their distinctive kinetic properties, may contribute to the development of spontaneous and stimulus-evoked excitability in small diameter primary sensory neurons in the perinatal period and the activity-dependent changes in differentiation they produce.