PubMed 11045957

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC3 , ClvC4

Title: Molecular distribution of volume-regulated chloride channels (ClC-2 and ClC-3) in cardiac tissues.

Authors: F C Britton, W J Hatton, C F Rossow, D Duan, J R Hume, B Horowitz

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2000 Nov , 279, H2225-33

PubMed link:

The molecular identification of cardiac chloride channels has provided probes to investigate their distribution and abundance in heart. In this study, the molecular expression and distribution of volume-regulated chloride channels ClC-2 and ClC-3 in cardiac tissues were analyzed and quantified. Total RNA was isolated from atria and ventricles of several species (dog, guinea pig, and rat) and subjected to a quantitative RT-PCR strategy. ClC-2 and ClC-3 mRNA expression were calculated relative to beta-actin expression within these same tissues. The transcriptional levels of ClC-3 mRNA were between 1.8 and 10.2% of beta-actin expression in atria and between 3.4 and 8.6% of beta-actin in ventricles (n = 3 for each tissue). The levels of ClC-2 in both atria and ventricles were significantly less than those measured for ClC-3 (n = 3; P < 0.05). ClC-2 mRNA levels were between 0.04-0.08% and 0.03-0.18% of beta-actin expression in atria and ventricles, respectively (n = 3 for each tissue). Immunoblots of atrial and ventricular wall protein extracts demonstrated ClC-2- and ClC-3-specific immunoreactivity at 97 and 85 kDa, respectively. Immunohistochemical localization in guinea pig cardiac muscle demonstrates a ubiquitous distribution of ClC-2 and ClC-3 channels in the atrial and ventricular wall. Confocal analysis detected colocalization of ClC-2 and ClC-3 in sarcolemmal membranes and distinct ClC-3 immunoreactivity in cytoplasmic regions. The molecular expression of ClC-2 and ClC-3 in cardiac tissue is consistent with the proposed role of these chloride channels in the regulation of cardiac cell volume and the modulation of cardiac electrical activity.