PubMed 11076524

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC4

Title: Quaternary structure of the chloride channel ClC-2.

Authors: M Ramjeesingh, C Li, L J Huan, E Garami, Y Wang, C E Bear

Journal, date & volume: Biochemistry, 2000 Nov 14 , 39, 13838-47

PubMed link:

The chloride channel ClC-2 is thought to be essential for chloride homeostasis in neurons and critical for chloride secretion by the developing respiratory tract. In the present work, we investigated the quaternary structure of ClC-2 required to mediate chloride conduction. We found using chemical cross-linking and a novel PAGE system that tagged ClC-2 expressed in Sf9 cells exists as oligomers. Fusion of membranes from Sf9 cells expressing this protein confers double-barreled channel activity, with each pore exhibiting a unitary conductance of 32 pS. Polyhistidine-tagged ClC-2 from Sf9 cells can be purified as monomers, dimers, and tetramers. Purified, reconstituted ClC-2 monomers do not possess channel function whereas both purified ClC-2 dimers and tetramers do mediate chloride flux. In planar bilayers, reconstitution of dimeric ClC-2 leads to the appearance of a single, anion selective 32 pS pore, and tetrameric ClC-2 confers double-barreled channel activity similar to that observed in Sf9 membranes. These reconstitution studies suggest that a ClC-2 dimer is the minimum functional structure and that ClC-2 tetramers likely mediate double-barreled channel function.