PubMed 11451963

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1 , Kir6.2

Title: Requirement of multiple protein domains and residues for gating K(ATP) channels by intracellular pH.

Authors: H Piao, N Cui, H Xu, J Mao, A Rojas, R Wang, L Abdulkadir, L Li, J Wu, C Jiang

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2001 Sep 28 , 276, 36673-80

PubMed link:

ATP-sensitive K(+) channels (K(ATP)) are regulated by pH in addition to ATP, ADP, and phospholipids. In the study we found evidence for the molecular basis of gating the cloned K(ATP) by intracellular protons. Systematic constructions of chimerical Kir6.2-Kir1.1 channels indicated that full pH sensitivity required the N terminus, C terminus, and M2 region. Three amino acid residues were identified in these protein domains, which are Thr-71 in the N terminus, Cys-166 in the M2 region, and His-175 in the C terminus. Mutation of any of them to their counterpart residues in Kir1.1 was sufficient to completely eliminate the pH sensitivity. Creation of these residues rendered the mutant channels clear pH-dependent activation. Thus, critical players in gating K(ATP) by protons are demonstrated. The pH sensitivity enables the K(ATP) to regulate cell excitability in a number of physiological and pathophysiological conditions when pH is low but ATP concentration is normal.