Channelpedia

PubMed 11679591


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv2.1



Title: Episodic ataxia type-1 mutations in the Kv1.1 potassium channel display distinct folding and intracellular trafficking properties.

Authors: L N Manganas, S Akhtar, D E Antonucci, C R Campomanes, J O Dolly, J S Trimmer

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2001 Dec 28 , 276, 49427-34

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11679591


Abstract
Episodic ataxia type 1 (EA-1) is a neurological disorder arising from mutations in the Kv1.1 potassium channel alpha-subunit. EA-1 patients exhibit substantial phenotypic variability resulting from at least 14 distinct EA-1 point mutations. We found that EA-1 missense mutations generate mutant Kv1.1 subunits with folding and intracellular trafficking properties indistinguishable from wild-type Kv1.1. However, the single identified EA-1 nonsense mutation exhibits intracellular aggregation and detergent insolubility. This phenotype can be transferred to co-assembled Kv1 alpha- and Kv beta-subunits associated with Kv1.1 in neurons. These results suggest that as in many neurodegenerative disorders, intracellular aggregation of misfolded Kv1.1-containing channels may contribute to the pathophysiology of EA-1.