PubMed 11381068

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.4

Title: Novel CACNA1F mutations in Japanese patients with incomplete congenital stationary night blindness.

Authors: M Nakamura, S Ito, H Terasaki, Y Miyake

Journal, date & volume: Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2001 Jun , 42, 1610-6

PubMed link:

Although it was reported that congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB) could be divided into complete and incomplete CSNB clinically in 1986, it was not until 1998 that the two types were found to be distinct clinical diseases by molecular genetic analysis. The purpose of this article is to report mutations in the retina-specific calcium channel alpha1-subunit gene (CACNA1F) in Japanese patients with incomplete CSNB and to describe the clinical features of these patients.Seven patients from five separate Japanese families with incomplete CSNB were examined. Genomic DNA was extracted from leukocytes of the peripheral blood, and all 48 exons of the CACNA1F were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and directly sequenced. A complete ophthalmic examination was performed, including best corrected visual acuity, slit lamp and fundus examinations, fundus photography, and electroretinography.A mutation in the CACNA1F was identified in all the patients. The identified mutations were a missense mutation (Gly609Asp); a nonsense mutation (Arg913stop); a splice donor site mutation of G to C at nucleotide 2571+1; a G insertion at nucleotide 709, resulting in a frame shift with a predicted stop codon at codon 247; and a 4-bp deletion at nucleotides 271 to 274, with a replacement by an abnormal 34-bp sequence. Clinically, each patient had essentially normal fundi, mildly reduced corrected visual acuity, and slight myopia or hyperopia with astigmatism. Electrophysiologically, the mixed rod-cone ERG showed a negative configuration with recordable oscillatory potentials. The rod ERG was recordable but subnormal, and the cone and 30-Hz flicker ERGs were markedly depressed.Five novel mutations were identified in the CACNA1F in five Japanese families with incomplete CSNB, leading to the conclusion that in most Japanese patients, incomplete CSNB is caused by a CACNA1F mutation.