PubMed 11136179

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4 , ClvC5

Title: Identification of two novel mutations in the CLCN5 gene in Japanese patients with familial idiopathic low molecular weight proteinuria (Japanese Dent's disease).

Authors: T Takemura, S Hino, M Ikeda, M Okada, T Igarashi, J Inatomi, K Yoshioka

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Kidney Dis., 2001 Jan , 37, 138-143

PubMed link:

Two Japanese patients, belonging to unrelated families, with idiopathic low-molecular-weight proteinuria (LMWP; Japanese Dent's disease) showed novel mutations of the gene encoding renal-specific chloride channel 5 (CLC-5). Proteinuria was first noticed at the ages of 2 and 3 years in patients 1 and 2, respectively. During follow-up, marked increases in urinary ss(2)-microglobulin levels, hypercalciuria, and high levels of urinary excretion of growth hormone were observed in both patients. Nephrocalcinosis was detected in patient 2. Renal biopsy specimens from both patients showed minimal alterations in glomeruli and tubulointerstitium, except for mild mesangial proliferation in patient 2. DNA sequence analysis of the entire 2,238-bp coding region and exon-intron boundaries of the CLCN5 gene showed the presence of two novel mutations in exon 10, consisting of one missense mutation (I524K) in patient 1 and one nonsense mutation (R637X) in patient 2. DNA analysis and measurement of urinary ss(2)-microglobulin levels in family members indicated an X-linked mode of inheritance in patient 1 and sporadic occurrence in patient 2. These results have expanded our understanding of the association between idiopathic LMWP (Japanese Dent's disease) and mutations of the CLCN5 gene.