PubMed 11717160

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv1.2 , Kv1.3 , Kv1.4 , Kv1.5 , Kv1.6

Title: Molecular composition of 4-aminopyridine-sensitive voltage-gated K(+) channels of vascular smooth muscle.

Authors: K S Thorneloe, T T Chen, P M Kerr, E F Grier, B Horowitz, W C Cole, M P Walsh

Journal, date & volume: Circ. Res., 2001 Nov 23 , 89, 1030-7

PubMed link:

Voltage-gated K(+) channels (Kv) play a critical role in regulating arterial tone by modulating the membrane potential of vascular smooth muscle cells. Our previous work demonstrated that the dominant 4-aminopyridine (4-AP)-sensitive, delayed rectifier Kv current of rabbit portal vein (RPV) myocytes demonstrates similar 4-AP sensitivity and biophysical properties to Kv1alpha-containing channels. To identify the molecular constituents underlying the 4-AP-sensitive Kv current of vascular myocytes, we characterized the expression pattern of Kv1alpha subunits and their modulatory Kvbeta subunits in RPV. The mRNAs encoding pore-forming subunits Kv1.2, Kv1.4, and Kv1.5 were detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), whereas Kv1.1, Kv1.3, and Kv1.6 transcripts were undetectable. Kvbeta1.1, beta1.2, beta1.3, beta2.1, and beta2.2 messages were expressed, whereas Kvbeta3.1 and beta4 mRNAs were undetected by RT-PCR. Kv1.2, Kv1.4, Kv1.5, Kvbeta1.2, beta1.3, and beta2.1 proteins were detected in RPV by Western blotting and/or immunocytochemistry of freshly isolated myocytes. We provide the first evidence, from coimmunoprecipitation studies, for the formation of heteromultimeric Kv channel complexes composed of Kv1.2, Kv1.5, and Kvbeta1.2 subunits in vascular smooth muscle.