PubMed 11080594

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4 , ClvC6

Title: The human and mouse methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genes: genomic organization, mRNA structure and linkage to the CLCN6 gene.

Authors: D J Gaughan, S Barbaux, L A Kluijtmans, A S Whitehead

Journal, date & volume: Gene, 2000 Oct 31 , 257, 279-89

PubMed link:

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), a pivotal enzyme in folate metabolism, regulates the proportional distribution of one-carbon moieties between cellular methylation reactions and nucleic acid synthesis. The organization of the MTHFR gene and the structure of its mRNA were characterized in human and mouse. There are three mRNA transcripts of 2.8, 7.2 and 9.8 kb in human and two of 3.2 and 7.5 kb in mouse. Northern blot analysis revealed that human MTHFR MRNA is only present at low abundance in most tissues tested. Five kilobases of sequence flanking the 3' end of the human gene were isolated, and polyadenylation sites were defined by 3' RACE. The shorter 2.8 kb transcript and the two larger 7.2 and 9.8 kb transcripts utilize different polyadenylation signal sequences, 629 and 4937 bp downstream of the stop codon, respectively. The two mRNA species in mouse also result from differential polyadenylation. Approximately 7 and 3.5 kb upstream of the human and mouse genes, respectively, were isolated and sequenced. Transcription start sites in human MTHFR were mapped using 5' RACE. The 2.8 and 7.2 kb mRNAs originate from one of two transcription start sites that are 206 and 243 bp upstream of the ATG initiation codon, whereas transcription of the 9.8 kb mRNA is initiated at a start site located 2.8 kb upstream of the translation start codon. The putative MTHFR promoter does not have a TATA box but contains CpG islands and multiple potential Sp1 binding sites. The MTHFR gene was finely mapped to interval 16 of chromosome 1p36.3, a region deleted in many tumors, by establishing a close linkage to CLCN6, a putative chloride channel gene. A novel CA-repeat polymorphism identified within intron 2 of the CLCN6 gene may be useful in assessing loss of heterozygosity in such tumors. The multiple MTHFR mRNA species identified in this report may reflect an underlying complex set of gene regulatory mechanisms acting through an alternative transcription start site and/or polyadenylation signal sequence utilization.