PubMed 11125019

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: BkB1 , Slo1

Title: Regulation of BK(Ca) channels expressed in human embryonic kidney 293 cells by epoxyeicosatrienoic acid.

Authors: M Fukao, H S Mason, J L Kenyon, B Horowitz, K D Keef

Journal, date & volume: Mol. Pharmacol., 2001 Jan , 59, 16-23

PubMed link:

Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are arachidonic acid metabolites of cytochrome P450 monooxygenase, which are released from endothelial cells and dilate arteries. Dilation seems to be caused by activation of large-conductance Ca2+ activated K+ channels (BK(Ca)) leading to membrane hyperpolarization. Previous studies suggest that EETs activate BK(Ca) channels via ADP-ribosylation of the G protein Galphas with a subsequent membrane-delimited action on the channel [Circ Res 78:415-423, 1996; 80:877-884, 1997; 85:349-356, 1999]. The present study examined whether this pathway is present in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells when the BK(Ca) alpha-subunit (cslo-alpha) is expressed without the beta-subunit. 11,12-EET increased outward K+ current in whole-cell recordings of HEK293 cells. In cell-attached patches, 11,12-EET also increased the activity of cslo-alpha channels without affecting unitary conductance. This action was mimicked by cholera toxin. The ADP-ribosyltransferase inhibitors 3-aminobenzamide and m-iodobenxylguanidine blocked the stimulatory effect of 11,12-EET. In inside-out patches 11,12-EET was without effect on channel activity unless GTP was included in the bathing solution. GTP and GTPgammaS alone also activated cslo-alpha channels. Dialysis of cells with anti-Galphas antibody completely blocked the activation of cslo-alpha channels by 11,12-EET, whereas anti-Galphai/o and anti-Gbetagamma antibodies were without effect. The protein kinase A inhibitor KT5720 and the adenylate cyclase inhibitor SQ22536 did not reduce the stimulatory effect of 11,12-EET on cslo-alpha channels in cell-attached patches. These data suggest that EET leads to Galphas-dependent activation of the cslo-alpha subunits expressed in HEK293 cells and that the cslo-beta subunit is not required.