PubMed 10973973

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Kv2.1

Title: Functional embryonic cardiomyocytes after disruption of the L-type alpha1C (Cav1.2) calcium channel gene in the mouse.

Authors: C Seisenberger, V Specht, A Welling, J Platzer, A Pfeifer, S Kühbandner, J Striessnig, N Klugbauer, R Feil, F Hofmann

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2000 Dec 15 , 275, 39193-9

PubMed link:

The L-type alpha(1C) (Ca(v)1.2) calcium channel is the major calcium entry pathway in cardiac and smooth muscle. We inactivated the Ca(v)1.2 gene in two independent mouse lines that had indistinguishable phenotypes. Homozygous knockout embryos (Ca(v)1. 2-/-) died before day 14.5 postcoitum (p.c.). At day 12.5 p.c., the embryonic heart contracted with identical frequency in wild type (+/+), heterozygous (+/-), and homozygous (-/-) Ca(v)1.2 embryos. Beating of isolated embryonic cardiomyocytes depended on extracellular calcium and was blocked by 1 microm nisoldipine. In (+/+), (+/-), and (-/-) cardiomyocytes, an L-type Ba(2+) inward current (I(Ba)) was present that was stimulated by Bay K 8644 in all genotypes. At a holding potential of -80 mV, nisoldipine blocked I(Ba) of day 12.5 p.c. (+/+) and (+/-) cells with two IC(50) values of approximately 0.1 and approximately 1 microm. Inhibition of I(Ba) of (-/-) cardiomyocytes was monophasic with an IC(50) of approximately 1 microm. The low affinity I(Ba) was also present in cardiomyocytes of homozygous alpha(1D) (Ca(v)1.3) knockout embryos at day 12.5 p.c. These results indicate that, up to day 14 p.c., contraction of murine embryonic hearts requires an unidentified, low affinity L-type like calcium channel.