PubMed 10958680

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv12.1

Title: G protein-coupled receptor-mediated mitogen-activated protein kinase activation through cooperation of Galpha(q) and Galpha(i) signals.

Authors: A Blaukat, A Barac, M J Cross, S Offermanns, I Dikic

Journal, date & volume: Mol. Cell. Biol., 2000 Sep , 20, 6837-48

PubMed link:

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) have been shown to stimulate extracellular regulated kinases (ERKs) through a number of linear pathways that are initiated by G(q/11) or G(i) proteins. We studied signaling to the ERK cascade by receptors that simultaneously activate both G protein subfamilies. In HEK293T cells, bradykinin B(2) receptor (B(2)R)-induced stimulation of ERK2 and transcriptional activity of Elk1 are dependent on Galpha(q)-mediated protein kinase C (PKC) and on Galpha(i)-induced Ras activation, while they are independent of Gbetagamma subunits, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, and tyrosine kinases. Similar results were obtained with m(1) and m(3) muscarinic receptors in HEK293T cells and with the B(2)R in human and mouse fibroblasts, indicating a general mechanism in signaling toward the ERK cascade. Furthermore, the bradykinin-induced activation of ERK is strongly reduced in Galpha(q/11)-deficient fibroblasts. In addition, we found that constitutively active mutants of Galpha(q/11) or Galpha(i) proteins alone poorly stimulate ERK2, whereas a combination of both led to synergistic effects. We conclude that dually coupled GPCRs require a cooperation of Galpha(i)- and G(q/11)-mediated pathways for efficient stimulation of the ERK cascade. Cooperative signaling by multiple G proteins thus might represent a novel concept implicated in the regulation of cellular responses by GPCRs.