PubMed 11325723

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK2

Title: Inwardly rectifying current-voltage relationship of small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels rendered by intracellular divalent cation blockade.

Authors: H Soh, C S Park

Journal, date & volume: Biophys. J., 2001 May , 80, 2207-15

PubMed link:

Small conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (SK(Ca) channels) are a group of K+-selective ion channels activated by submicromolar concentrations of intracellular Ca2+ independent of membrane voltages. We expressed a cloned SK(Ca) channel, rSK2, in Xenopus oocytes and investigated the effects of intracellular divalent cations on the current-voltage (I-V) relationship of the channels. Both Mg2+ and Ca2+ reduced the rSK2 channel currents in voltage-dependent manners from the intracellular side and thus rectified the I-V relationship at physiological concentration ranges. The apparent affinity of Mg2+ was changed as a function of both transmembrane voltage and intracellular Ca2+ concentration. Extracellular K+ altered the voltage dependence as well as the apparent affinities of Mg2+ binding from intracellular side. Thus, the inwardly rectifying I-V relationship of SK(Ca) channels is likely due to the voltage-dependent blockade of intracellular divalent cations and that the binding site is located within the ion-conducting pathway. Therefore, intracellular Ca2+ modulates the permeation characteristics of SK(Ca) channels by altering the I-V relationship as well as activates the channel by interacting with the gating machinery, calmodulin, and SK(Ca) channels can be considered as Ca2+-activated inward rectifier K+ channels.