Channelpedia

PubMed 11784811


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ2 , KCNQ3 , Kv7.2 , Kv7.3 , Slo1



Title: Benign familial neonatal convulsions caused by altered gating of KCNQ2/KCNQ3 potassium channels.

Authors: Pasqualina Castaldo, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Giangennaro Coppola, Antonio Pascotto, Lucio Annunziato, Maurizio Taglialatela

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2002 Jan 15 , 22, RC199

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11784811


Abstract
The muscarinic-regulated potassium current (M-current), formed by the heteromeric assembly of subunits encoded by the KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 genes, is a primary regulator of neuronal excitability; this regulation is accomplished by impeding repetitive firing and causing spike-frequency adaptation. Mutations in KCNQ2 or KCNQ3 cause benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC), a rare autosomal-dominant generalized epilepsy of newborns, by reducing the maximal current carried by the M-channels without affecting ion selectivity or gating properties. Here we show that KCNQ2/KCNQ3 channels carrying a novel BFNC-causing mutation leading to an arginine to tryptophan substitution in the voltage-sensing S4 domain of KCNQ2 subunits (R214W) displayed slower opening and faster closing kinetics and a decreased voltage sensitivity with no concomitant changes in maximal current or plasma membrane expression. These results suggest that mutation-induced gating alterations of the M-current may cause epilepsy in neonates.