PubMed 11709419

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.2 , Kv4.3

Title: Mechanism of alpha-adrenergic regulation of expressed hKv4.3 currents.

Authors: S S Po, R C Wu, G J Juang, W Kong, G F Tomaselli

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2001 Dec , 281, H2518-27

PubMed link:

The transient outward potassium current (I(to)) is an important repolarizing current in the mammalian heart. I(to) is regulated by adrenergic stimulation; however, the effect of agonists on this current, and consequently the action potential duration and profile, is variable. An important source of the variability is the difference in the channel genes that underlie I(to). There are two subfamilies of candidate genes that are likely to encode I(to) in the mammalian heart: Kv4 and Kv1.4; the predominance of either gene is a function of the species, stage of development, and region of the heart. The existence of different isoforms of the Kv4 family (principally Kv4.2 or Kv4.3) further complicates the effect of alpha-adrenergic modulation of cardiac I(to). In the human ventricle, hKv4.3 is the predominant gene underlying I(to). Two splice variants of human Kv4.3 (hKv4.3) are present in the human ventricle; the longer splice variant contains a 19-amino acid insert in the COOH-terminus with a consensus protein kinase C (PKC) site. We used heterologous expression of hKv4.3 splice variants and studies of human ventricular myocytes to demonstrate that alpha-adrenergic modulation of I(to) occurs through a PKC signaling pathway and that only the long splice variant (hKv4.3-L) is modulated via this pathway. Only a single hKv4.3-L monomer in the tetrameric I(to) channel is required to confer sensitivity to phenylephrine (PE). Mutation of the PKC site in hKv4.3-L eliminates alpha-adrenergic modulation of the hKv4.3-encoded current. The similar, albeit less robust, modulation of human ventricular I(to) by PE suggests that hKv4.3-L is expressed in a functional form in the human heart.