PubMed 11067973

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.1 , Slo1

Title: Analysis of single K(ATP) channels in mammalian dentate gyrus granule cells.

Authors: M R Pelletier, P A Pahapill, P S Pennefather, P L Carlen

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurophysiol., 2000 Nov , 84, 2291-301

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ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels are heteromultimer complexes of subunits from members of the inwardly rectifying K(+) channel and the ATP-binding cassette protein superfamilies. K(ATP) channels couple metabolic state to membrane excitability, are distributed widely, and participate in a variety of physiological functions. Understood best in pancreatic beta cells, where their activation inhibits insulin release, K(ATP) channels have been implicated also in postischemia cardio- and neuroprotection. The dentate gyrus (DG) is a brain region with a high density of K(ATP) channels and is relatively resistant to ischemia/reperfusion-induced cell death. Therefore we were interested in describing the characteristics of single K(ATP) channels in DG granule cells. We recorded single K(ATP) channels in 59/105 cell-attached patches from DG granule cells in acutely prepared hippocampal slices. Single-channel openings had an E(K) close to 0 mV (symmetrical K(+)) and were organized in bursts with a duration of 19.3 +/- 1.6 (SE) ms and a frequency of 3.5 +/- 0.8 Hz, a unitary slope conductance of 27 pS, and a low, voltage-independent, probability of opening (P(open), 0.04 +/- 0.01). Open and closed dwell-time histograms were fitted best with one (tau(open) = 1.3 +/- 0.2 ms) and the sum of two (tau(closed,fast) = 2.6 +/- 0.9 ms, tau(closed,slow) = 302.7 +/- 67. 7 ms) exponentials, respectively, consistent with a kinetic model having at least a single open and two closed states. The P(open) was reduced ostensibly to zero by the sulfonylureas, glybenclamide (500 nM, 2/6; 10 microM,11/14 patches) and tolbutamide (20 microM, 4/6; 100 microM, 4/4 patches). The blocking dynamics for glybenclamide included transition to a subconductance state (43.3 +/- 2.6% of control I(open channel)). Unlike glybenclamide, the blockade produced by tolbutamide was reversible. In 5/5 patches, application of diazoxide (100 microM) increased significantly P(open) (0.12 +/- 0.02), which was attributable to a twofold increase in the frequency of bursts (8.3 +/- 2.0 Hz). Diazoxide was without effect on tau(open) and tau(closed,fast) but decreased significantly tau(closed,slow) (24.4 +/- 2.6 ms). We observed similar effects in 6/7 patches after exposure to hypoxia/hypoglycemia, which increased significantly P(open) (0.09 +/- 0.03) and the frequency of bursts (7.1 +/- 1.7 Hz) and decreased significantly tau(closed,slow) (29.5 +/- 1.8 ms). We have presented convergent evidence consistent with single K(ATP) channel activity in DG granule cells. The subunit composition of K(ATP) channels native to DG granule cells is not known; however, the characteristics of the channel activity we recorded are representative of Kir6.1/SUR1, SUR2B-based channels.