PubMed 11349004

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv1.5 , Kv2.1 , Slo1

Title: Targeted replacement of KV1.5 in the mouse leads to loss of the 4-aminopyridine-sensitive component of I(K,slow) and resistance to drug-induced qt prolongation.

Authors: B London, W Guo, Pan Xh, J S Lee, V Shusterman, C J Rocco, D A Logothetis, J M Nerbonne, J A Hill

Journal, date & volume: Circ. Res., 2001 May 11 , 88, 940-6

PubMed link:

The K(+) channel mKv1.5 is thought to encode a 4-aminopyridine (4-AP)-sensitive component of the current I(K,slow) in the mouse heart. We used gene targeting to replace mKv1.5 with the 4-AP-insensitive channel rKv1.1 (SWAP mice) and directly test the role of Kv1.5 in the mouse ventricle. Kv1.5 RNA and protein were undetectable, rKv1.1 was expressed, and Kv2.1 protein was upregulated in homozygous SWAP hearts. The density of the K(+) current I(K,slow) (depolarizations to +40 mV, pA/pF) was similar in left ventricular myocytes isolated from SWAP homozygotes (17+/-1, n=27) and littermate controls (16+/-2, n=19). The densities and properties of I(peak), I(to,f), I(to,s), and I(ss) were also unchanged. In homozygous SWAP myocytes, the 50-micromol/L 4-AP-sensitive component of IK,slowwas absent (n=6), the density of the 20-mmol/L tetraethylammonium-sensitive component of I(K,slow) was increased (9+/-1 versus 5+/-1, P<0.05), and no 100- to 200-nmol/L alpha-dendrotoxin-sensitive current was found (n=8). APD(90) in SWAP myocytes was similar to controls at baseline but did not prolong in response to 30 micromol/L 4-AP. Similarly, QTc (ms) was not prolonged in anesthetized SWAP mice (64+/-2, homozygotes, n=9; 62+/-2, controls, n=9), and injection with 4-AP prolonged QTc only in controls (63+/-1, homozygotes; 72+/-2, controls; P<0.05). SWAP mice had no increase in arrhythmias during ambulatory telemetry monitoring. Thus, Kv1.5 encodes the 4-AP-sensitive component of I(K,slow) in the mouse ventricle and confers sensitivity to 4-AP-induced prolongation of APD and QTC: Compensatory upregulation of Kv2.1 may explain the phenotypic differences between SWAP mice and the previously described transgenic mice expressing a truncated dominant-negative Kv1.1 construct.