PubMed 11099350

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC1 , ClvC4

Title: Anion permeation in Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels.

Authors: Z Qu, H C Hartzell

Journal, date & volume: J. Gen. Physiol., 2000 Dec , 116, 825-44

PubMed link:

Ca(2+)-activated Cl channels (Cl(Ca)Cs) are an important class of anion channels that are opened by increases in cytosolic [Ca(2+)]. Here, we examine the mechanisms of anion permeation through Cl(Ca)Cs from Xenopus oocytes in excised inside-out and outside-out patches. Cl(Ca)Cs exhibited moderate selectivity for Cl over Na: P(Na)/P(Cl) = 0.1. The apparent affinity of Cl(Ca)Cs for Cl was low: K(d) = 73 mM. The channel had an estimated pore diameter >0.6 nm. The relative permeabilities measured under bi-ionic conditions by changes in E(rev) were as follows: C(CN)(3) > SCN > N(CN)(2) > ClO(4) > I > N(3) > Br > Cl > formate > HCO(3) > acetate = F > gluconate. The conductance sequence was as follows: N(3) > Br > Cl > N(CN)(2) > I > SCN > COOH > ClO(4) > acetate > HCO(3) = C(CN)(3) > gluconate. Permeant anions block in a voltage-dependent manner with the following affinities: C(CN)(3) > SCN = ClO(4) > N(CN)(2) > I > N(3) > Br > HCO(3) > Cl > gluconate > formate > acetate. Although these data suggest that anionic selectivity is determined by ionic hydration energy, other factors contribute, because the energy barrier for permeation is exponentially related to anion hydration energy. Cl(Ca)Cs exhibit weak anomalous mole fraction behavior, implying that the channel may be a multi-ion pore, but that ions interact weakly in the pore. The affinity of the channel for Ca(2+) depended on the permeant anion at low [Ca(2+)] (100-500 nM). Apparently, occupancy of the pore by a permeant anion increased the affinity of the channel for Ca(2+). The current was strongly dependent on pH. Increasing pH on the cytoplasmic side decreased the inward current, whereas increasing pH on the external side decreased the outward current. In both cases, the apparent pKa was voltage-dependent with apparent pKa at 0 mV = approximately 9.2. The channel may be blocked by OH(-) ions, or protons may titrate a site in the pore necessary for ion permeation. These data demonstrate that the permeation properties of Cl(Ca)Cs are different from those of CFTR or ClC-1, and provide insights into the nature of the Cl(Ca)C pore.