PubMed 18209473

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv6.1

Title: Cellular localization of THIK-1 (K(2P)13.1) and THIK-2 (K(2P)12.1) K channels in the mammalian kidney.

Authors: Franziska Theilig, Irena Goranova, Jochen R Hirsch, Martin Wieske, Semanur Unsal, Sebastian Bachmann, Rudiger W Veh, Christian Derst

Journal, date & volume: Cell. Physiol. Biochem., 2008 , 21, 63-74

PubMed link:

K(+)-channels fulfill several important functions in the mammalian kidney such as volume regulation, recirculation and secretion of K(+) ions, and maintaining the resting potential. In this study we used immunocytochemical methods, in situ hybridization, and nephron segment-specific RT-PCR to obtain a detailed picture of the cellular localization of two tandem pore domain potassium (K(2P)) channels, THIK-1 (K(2P)13.1, KCNK13) and THIK-2 (K(2P)12.1, KCNK12). Monospecific antibodies against C-terminal domains of rat THIK-1 and THIK-2 proteins (GST-fusion proteins) were raised in rabbits, freed from cross-reactivity, and affinity purified. All antibodies were validated by Western blot analysis, competitive ELISA, and preabsorption experiments. The expression of THIK channels in specific nephron segments was confirmed by double staining with marker proteins. Results indicate that in rat and mouse THIK-1 and THIK-2 were expressed in the proximal tubule (PT), thick ascending limb (TAL), connecting tubule (CNT), and cortical collecting duct (CCD). In human kidney THIK-1 and THIK-2 were localized in PT, TAL and CCD. Immunostaining of rat tissue revealed an intracellular expression of THIK-1 and THIK-2 throughout the identified nephron segments. However in mouse kidney THIK-2 was identified in basolateral membranes. Overall, the glomerulus, thin limbs and medullary collecting ducts were devoid of THIK-1 and THIK-2 signal. In summary, THIK-1 and THIK-2 are abundantly expressed in the proximal and distal nephron of the mammalian kidney.