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PubMed 10871613


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir7.1



Title: Complex structure and regulation of expression of the rat gene for inward rectifier potassium channel Kir7.1.

Authors: N Nakamura, Y Suzuki, Y Ikeda, M Notoya, S Hirose

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2000 Sep 8 , 275, 28276-84

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10871613


Abstract
Genomic organization of the rat inward rectifier K(+) channel Kir7.1 was determined in an attempt to clarify how multiple species of its mRNA are generated in a tissue-specific manner and how its expression is regulated. The rat Kir7.1 gene spans >40 kilobases (kb) and consists of eight exons; the first four exons encode the 5'-untranslated region that is unusually long ( approximately 3 kb). The coding region is located in exons 5 and 6. In the testis, exon 4 is processed as four exons (4a-4d), whereas it is recognized as a single exon in the small intestine. The three major species of rat Kir7.1 mRNA (1.4, 2.2, and 3.2 kb) were found to arise from alternative usage of the two promoters and polyadenylation signals and by alternative splicing of the 5'-noncoding exons. The splicing pattern of the 5'-noncoding exons is quite complex and highly tissue-specific, suggesting that complex mechanisms may operate to regulate the Kir7.1 expression. Deletion and mutational analysis of the promoter activity indicated that the rat Kir7.1 gene is regulated by cAMP through a CCAAT element. The cAMP induction was also demonstrated using the rat follicular cell line FRTL-5 endogenously expressing Kir7.1.