PubMed 11350754

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC4

Title: Regulation of ClC-2 chloride channels in T84 cells by TGF-alpha.

Authors: M Bali, J Lipecka, A Edelman, J Fritsch

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2001 Jun , 280, C1588-98

PubMed link:

The almost ubiquitously expressed ClC-2 chloride channel is activated by hyperpolarization and osmotic cell swelling. Osmotic swelling also activates a different class of outwardly rectifying chloride channels, and several reports point to a link between protein tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of these channels. This study examines the possibility that transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) modulates ClC-2 activity in human colonic epithelial (T84) cells. TGF-alpha (0.17 nM) irreversibly inhibited ClC-2 current in nystatin-perforated whole cell patch-clamp experiments, whereas a superimposed reversible activation of the current was observed at 8.3 nM TGF-alpha. Both effects required activation of the intrinsic epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase activity, of phosphoinositide 3-kinase, and of protein kinase C. With microspectrofluorimetry of the pH-sensitive fluorescent dye 2',7'-bis(2-carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein, TGF-alpha was shown to reversibly alkalinize T84 cells at 8.3 nM but not at 0.17 nM, suggesting that 8.3 nM TGF-alpha-induced alkalinization activates ClC-2 current. This study indicates that ClC-2 channels are targets for EGFR signaling in epithelial cells.