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PubMed 10835035


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.1 , Kir6.2 , Slo1



Title: ATP-sensitive potassium channels in capillaries isolated from guinea-pig heart.

Authors: M Mederos y Schnitzler, C Derst, J Daut, R Preisig-Müller

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2000 Jun 1 , 525 Pt 2, 307-17

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10835035


Abstract
The full-length cDNAs of two different alpha-subunits (Kir6.1 and Kir6.2) and partial cDNAs of three different beta-subunits (SUR1, SUR2A and SUR2B) of ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels of the guinea-pig (gp) were obtained by screening a cDNA library from the ventricle of guinea-pig heart. Cell-specific reverse-transcriptase PCR with gene-specific intron-spanning primers showed that gpKir6.1, gpKir6.2 and gpSUR2B were expressed in a purified fraction of capillary endothelial cells. In cardiomyocytes, gpKir6.1, gpKir6.2, gpSUR1 and gpSUR2A were detected. Patch-clamp measurements were carried out in isolated capillary fragments consisting of 3-15 endothelial cells. The membrane capacitance measured in the whole-cell mode was 19.9 +/- 1.0 pF and was independent of the length of the capillary fragment, which suggests that the endothelial cells were not electrically coupled under our experimental conditions. The perforated-patch technique was used to measure the steady-state current-voltage relation of capillary endothelial cells. Application of K+ channel openers (rilmakalim or diazoxide) or metabolic inhibition (250 microM 2,4-dinitrophenol plus 10 mM deoxyglucose) induced a current that reversed near the calculated K+ equilibrium potential. Rilmakalim (1 microM), diazoxide (300 microM) and metabolic inhibition increased the slope conductance measured at -55 mV by a factor of 9.0 (+/-1.8), 2.5 (+/-0.2) and 3.9 (+/-1.7), respectively. The effects were reversed by glibenclamide (1 microM). Our results suggest that capillary endothelial cells from guinea-pig heart express KATP channels composed of SUR2B and Kir6.1 and/or Kir6.2 subunits. The hyperpolarization elicited by the opening of KATP channels may lead to an increase in free cytosolic Ca2+, and thus modulate the synthesis of NO and the permeability of the capillary wall.