PubMed 11096079

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC4

Title: ClC-2 contributes to native chloride secretion by a human intestinal cell line, Caco-2.

Authors: R Mohammad-Panah, K Gyömörey, J Rommens, M Choudhury, C Li, Y Wang, C E Bear

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2001 Mar 16 , 276, 8306-13

PubMed link:

It has been previously determined that ClC-2, a member of the ClC chloride channel superfamily, is expressed in certain epithelial tissues. These findings fueled speculation that ClC-2 can compensate for impaired chloride transport in epithelial tissues affected by cystic fibrosis and lacking the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator. However, direct evidence linking ClC-2 channel expression to epithelial chloride secretion was lacking. In the present studies, we show that ClC-2 transcripts and protein are present endogenously in the Caco-2 cell line, a cell line that models the human small intestine. Using an antisense strategy we show that ClC-2 contributes to native chloride currents in Caco-2 cells measured by patch clamp electrophysiology. Antisense ClC-2-transfected monolayers of Caco-2 cells exhibited less chloride secretion (monitored as iodide efflux) than did mock transfected monolayers, providing the first direct molecular evidence that ClC-2 can contribute to chloride secretion by the human intestinal epithelium. Further, examination of ClC-2 localization by confocal microscopy revealed that ClC-2 contributes to secretion from a unique location in this epithelium, from the apical aspect of the tight junction complex. Hence, these studies provide the necessary rationale for considering ClC-2 as a possible therapeutic target for diseases affecting intestinal chloride secretion such as cystic fibrosis.