PubMed 10816591

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2

Title: Role of the C terminus of the alpha 1C (CaV1.2) subunit in membrane targeting of cardiac L-type calcium channels.

Authors: T Gao, M Bünemann, B L Gerhardstein, H Ma, M M Hosey

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2000 Aug 18 , 275, 25436-44

PubMed link:

We have previously demonstrated that formation of a complex between L-type calcium (Ca(2+)) channel alpha(1C) (Ca(V)1.2) and beta subunits was necessary to target the channels to the plasma membrane when expressed in tsA201 cells. In the present study, we identified a region in the C terminus of the alpha(1C) subunit that was required for membrane targeting. Using a series of C-terminal deletion mutants of the alpha(1C) subunit, a domain consisting of amino acid residues 1623-1666 ("targeting domain") in the C terminus of the alpha(1C) subunit has been identified to be important for correct targeting of L-type Ca(2+) channel complexes to the plasma membrane. Although cells expressing the wild-type alpha(1C) and beta(2a) subunits exhibited punctate clusters of channel complexes along the plasma membrane with little intracellular staining, co-expression of deletion mutants of the alpha(1C) subunit that lack the targeting domain with the beta(2a) subunit resulted in an intracellular localization of the channels. In addition, three other regions in the C terminus of the alpha(1C) subunit that were downstream of residues 1623-1666 were found to contribute to membrane targeting of the L-type channels. Deletion of these domains in the alpha(1C) subunit resulted in a reduction of plasma membrane-localized channels, and a concomitant increase in channels localized intracellularly. Taken together, these results have demonstrated that a targeting domain in the C terminus of the alpha(1C) subunit was required for proper plasma membrane localization of the L-type Ca(2+) channels.