PubMed 11211121

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir2.3 , Kir7.1 , Slo1

Title: Inwardly rectifying K+ channels in the basolateral membrane of rat pancreatic acini.

Authors: S J Kim, G Kerst, R Schreiber, H Pavenstädt, R Greger, M J Hug, M Bleich

Journal, date & volume: Pflugers Arch., 2000 Dec , 441, 331-40

PubMed link:

Previous studies of the whole-cell K+ conductance suggest the presence of inwardly rectifying K+ channels (Kir) in rat pancreatic acini (RPAs). Here we investigate the properties of Kir of RPAs using patch-clamp techniques. The whole-cell current-to-voltage relationship of freshly isolated RPAs was steeper for inward currents than for outward currents when the extracellular K+ concentration ([K+]o) was raised. With a high [K+]o (145 mM), external application of Ba2+ and Cs+ blocked the inward K+ current in a voltage-dependent manner. The apparent IC50 of Ba2+ was 8.5+/-1.9 microM and 1.1+/-0.2 microM at -70 mV and -130 mV, respectively (n=5). The IC50 of Cs+ was 3.5+1.1 mM and 0.2+0.1 mM at -60 mV and -120 mV, respectively (n=4). Application of Ba2+ (0.1 mM) to the extracellular solution reversibly depolarized RPAs from -43+1.1 mV to -37+/-1.2 mV (n=20). In the cell-attached configuration with 145 mM KC1 in the pipette solution, we observed inwardly rectifying channels with a high open probability (PO) of 0.85+/-0.02 (n=6) and a slope conductance (Gs) of 30+/-2.8 pS (n=13). The same type of channel was observed in the outside-out patch. We could also observe a very small conductance K+ channel which was resistant to 0.1 mM Ba2+ and did not show inward rectification (n=11). RT-PCR analysis of RPA confirmed the presence of transcripts for Kir2.1, Kir2.3 and Kir7.1 subfamilies as molecular candidates for the observed channels. The above results demonstrate the presence of Kir channels in the basolateral membrane of the RPA, which may be important for the K+ recycling process during electrolyte secretion as well as for maintaining a hyperpolarized membrane.