Channelpedia

PubMed 19567484


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir2.3 , Kv1.4 , Kv1.5 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.3



Title: Chronic heart failure and the substrate for atrial fibrillation.

Authors: Sridhar, Nishijima, Terentyev, Khan, Terentyeva, Hamlin, Nakayama, Gyorke, Cardounel, Carnes

Journal, date & volume: Cardiovasc. Res., 2009 Jul 17 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19567484


Abstract
We sought to define the underlying mechanisms for atrial fibrillation (AF) during chronic heart failure (HF).Preliminary studies showed that 4 months of HF resulted in irreversible systolic dysfunction (n = 9) and a substrate for sustained inducible AF (>3 months, n = 3). We used a chronic (4-month) canine model of tachypacing-induced HF (n = 10) to assess atrial electrophysiological remodelling, relative to controls (n = 5). Left ventricular fractional shortening was reduced from 37.2 +/- 0.83 to 13.44 +/- 2.63% (P < 0.05). Left atrial (LA) contractility (fractional area change) was reduced from 34.9 +/- 7.9 to 27.9 +/- 4.23% (P < 0.05). Action potential durations (APDs) at 50 and 90% repolarization were shortened by approximately 60 and 40%, respectively, during HF (P < 0.05). HF-induced atrial remodelling included increased fibrosis, increased I(to), and decreased I(K1), I(Kur), and I(Ks) (P < 0.05). HF induced increases in LA Kv channel interacting protein 2 (P < 0.05), no change in Kv4.3, Kv1.5, or Kir2.3, and reduced Kir2.1 (P < 0.05). When I(Ca-L) was elicited by action potential (AP) clamp, HF APs reduced the integral of I(Ca) in control myocytes, with a larger reduction in HF myocytes (P < 0.05). I(CaL) measured with standard voltage clamp was unchanged by HF. Incubation of myocytes with N-acetylcysteine (a glutathione precursor) attenuated HF-induced electrophysiological alterations. LA angiotensin-1 receptor expression was increased in HF.Chronic HF causes alterations in ion channel expression and ion currents, resulting in attenuation of the APD and atrial contractility and a substrate for persistent AF.