PubMed 11684072

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv1.5 , Kv2.1 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.2 , Kv4.3 , Slo1

Title: Spatial alterations of Kv channels expression and K(+) currents in post-MI remodeled rat heart.

Authors: B Huang, D Qin, N El-Sherif

Journal, date & volume: Cardiovasc. Res., 2001 Nov , 52, 246-54

PubMed link:

The hypothesis being tested in the present study is that increased anisotropic properties occurs in the remodeled post-infarction heart due to spatial alterations in Kv channels expression and K(+) currents of the remodeled myocardium.Three to 4 weeks post myocardial infarction (MI) in the rat, we measured the two components of the outward K(+) current, I(to-fast (f)) and I(to-slow(s)) in the epicardium (epi) and endocardium (endo) of noninfarcted remodeled left ventricle (LV) using patch clamp techniques. Alterations in mRNA and/or protein levels of potassium channel genes Kv1.4, Kv1.5, Kv2.1, Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 were measured in epi, midmyocardium (mid), and endo regions of LV and in the right ventricle (RV).In sham operated rat heart, the density of I(to-f) was 2.3 times greater in epi compared to endo myocytes. In post-MI heart, the density of I(to-f) and I(to-s) decreased to a similar degree in LV epi and endo but the difference in I(to-f) density between epi and endo persisted. The mRNA and/or protein levels of Kv1.4, Kv2.1, Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 but not Kv1.5 decreased to a varying extent in different regions of LV but not in RV of post-MI heart.Our results suggest that regional downregulation of Kv channels expression and density of K(+) currents can be a significant determinant of increased spatial electrophysiological heterogeneity and contribute to increased electrical instability of the post-MI heart.