Channelpedia

PubMed 11851359


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.3



Title: Effects of components of ischemia on the Kv4.3 current stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells.

Authors: Suresh Singarayar, Cameron Singleton, Hui Tie, Ken Wyse, Jane Bursill, Asne Bauskin, Wan Wu, Stella Valenzuela, Samuel Breit, Terence Campbell

Journal, date & volume: J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol., 2002 Feb , 34, 197-207

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11851359


Abstract
We investigated the effects of three components of ischemia: external acidosis (pH=6.0), extracellular hyperkalemia ([K(+)]=20 mmol/l), and resting membrane depolarization to -60 mV, on Kv4.3 current stably expressed in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. We used single electrode whole cell patch clamp techniques to study changes in the current elicited. External acidosis caused a positive shift in the steady state activation curve from -13.4 +/- 2.1 mV to -3.3 +/- 1.5 mV (n=8, P=0.004) and the steady state inactivation curve from -56.5 +/- 0.4 mV to -46.7 +/- 0.5 mV (n=14, P<0.0001). Acidosis also caused an acceleration of recovery from inactivation with the t(1/2) decreasing from 306 ms (95% CI 287-327 ms) to 194 ms (95% CI 182-207 ms), (n=14, P<0.05). Hyperkalemia did not affect any of these parameters. Combined acidosis and hyperkalemia produced effects similar to those seen with acidosis. Changing the holding potential from -90 mV to -60 mV with test potentials of +5 and +85 mV decreased the peak currents by 34.1% and 32.4% respectively (n=14). However, in the presence of external acidosis the decrease in peak currents induced by changing the holding potential was less marked. In acidotic bath the peak current at -60 mV was reduced by only 13.6% at a test potential of +5 mV and 12.3% at a test potential of +85 mV (n=14). Taken together our data suggest that the membrane depolarization and changes in pH which occur under ischemic conditions would be accompanied by relative preservation of Kv4.3 currents and provide a molecular basis for the observation of preserved epicardial I(to) and epicardial action potential duration (APD) shortening in ischemia.