Channelpedia

PubMed 18562674


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav1.3



Title: CaV1.2 rather than CaV1.3 is coupled to glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in INS-1 832/13 cells.

Authors: Marloes Dekker Nitert, Cecilia L F Nagorny, Anna Wendt, Lena Eliasson, Hindrik Mulder

Journal, date & volume: J. Mol. Endocrinol., 2008 Jul , 41, 1-11

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18562674


Abstract
In clonal beta-cell lines and islets from different species, a variety of calcium channels are coupled to glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. The aim of this study was to identify the voltage-gated calcium channels that control insulin secretion in insulinoma (INS)-1 832/13 cells. The mRNA level of Ca(V)1.2 exceeded that of Ca(V)1.3 and Ca(V)2.3 two-fold. Insulin secretion, which rose tenfold in response to 16.7 mM glucose, was completely abolished by 5 microM isradipine that blocks Ca(V)1.2 and Ca(V)1.3. Similarly, the increase in intracellular calcium in response to 15 mM glucose was decreased in the presence of 5 microM isradipine, and the frequency of calcium spikes was decreased to the level seen at 2.8 mM glucose. By contrast, inhibition of Ca(V)2.3 with 100 nM SNX-482 did not significantly affect insulin secretion or intracellular calcium. Using RNA interference, Ca(V)1.2 mRNA and protein levels were knocked down by approximately 65% and approximately 34% respectively, which reduced insulin secretion in response to 16.7 mM glucose by 50%. Similar reductions in calcium currents and cell capacitance were seen in standard whole-cell patch-clamp experiments. The remaining secretion of insulin could be reduced to the basal level by 5 microM isradipine. Calcium influx underlying this residual insulin secretion could result from persisting Ca(V)1.2 expression in transfected cells since knock-down of Ca(V)1.3 did not affect glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. In summary, our results suggest that Ca(V)1.2 is critical for insulin secretion in INS-1 832/13 cells.