PubMed 12746863

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv1.2

Title: Developmental change in expression and subcellular localization of two shaker-related potassium channel proteins (Kv1.1 and Kv1.2) in the chick tangential vestibular nucleus.

Authors: Anastas Popratiloff, Christian Giaume, Kenna D Peusner

Journal, date & volume: J. Comp. Neurol., 2003 Jul 7 , 461, 466-82

PubMed link:

The chick tangential nucleus is a major avian vestibular nucleus whose principal cells participate in two vestibular reflexes. Intracellular recordings have shown that the principal cells acquire their mature firing pattern gradually during development. At embryonic day 16 (E16), most principal cells fire a single spike, whereas shortly after hatching (H) the vast majority fire repetitively on depolarization. The transition in firing pattern was likely due in part to a downregulation of a low-threshold, sustained, dendrotoxin-sensitive (DTX) potassium current, I(DS). Since the DTX-sensitive potassium channel subunits Kv1.1 and Kv1.2 generate sustained currents, in the present study we applied fluorescence immunocytochemistry and confocal microscopy to characterize their developmental expression at E16, H1, and H9. At E16, both Kv1.1 and Kv1.2 staining were confined to the principal cell bodies. Immunolabeling decreased significantly for both proteins at H1, and more so by H9. Double-labeling with a monoclonal antibody against microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) in hatchlings showed that some Kv1.1 remained as clusters within the cell body, at the base of the dendrites, and in the axon initial segment. In hatchlings, Kv1.2 staining decreased in the cell bodies and simultaneously appeared in the neuropil, colocalized with biocytin-labeled primary vestibular fibers and vestibular "spoon" terminals. Also, double-labeling with synaptotagmin showed that Kv1.2 colocalized with many nonvestibular terminals surrounding the principal cell bodies. These results identified developmental decreases in the staining of these two potassium channel protein subunits and changes in their subcellular localization corresponding to the downregulation of I(DS) defined electrophysiologically around hatching. Accordingly, both of these protein subunits could be involved in regulating excitability of the principal cells.