PubMed 12601085

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5 , Slo1

Title: Rapid induction of P/C-type inactivation is the mechanism for acid-induced K+ current inhibition.

Authors: Shetuan Zhang, Harley T Kurata, Steven J Kehl, David Fedida

Journal, date & volume: J. Gen. Physiol., 2003 Mar , 121, 215-25

PubMed link:

Extracellular acidification is known to decrease the conductance of many voltage-gated potassium channels. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism of H(+)(o)-induced current inhibition by taking advantage of Na(+) permeation through inactivated channels. In hKv1.5, H(+)(o) inhibited open-state Na(+) current with a similar potency to K(+) current, but had little effect on the amplitude of inactivated-state Na(+) current. In support of inactivation as the mechanism for the current reduction, Na(+) current through noninactivating hKv1.5-R487V channels was not affected by [H(+)(o)]. At pH 6.4, channels were maximally inactivated as soon as sufficient time was given to allow activation, which suggested two possibilities for the mechanism of action of H(+)(o). These were that inactivation of channels in early closed states occurred while hyperpolarized during exposure to acid pH (closed-state inactivation) and/or inactivation from the open state was greatly accelerated at low pH. The absence of outward Na(+) currents but the maintained presence of slow Na(+) tail currents, combined with changes in the Na(+) tail current time course at pH 6.4, led us to favor the hypothesis that a reduction in the activation energy for the inactivation transition from the open state underlies the inhibition of hKv1.5 Na(+) current at low pH.