PubMed 12369836

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kv2.1

Title: Mutations in the putative pore-forming segment favor short-lived wild-type Kir2.1 pore conformations.

Authors: Ruth A Schwalbe, Charles S Wingo, Shen-Ling Xia

Journal, date & volume: Biochemistry, 2002 Oct 15 , 41, 12457-66

PubMed link:

We have characterized single and double mutations in the M1-M2 segment of an inwardly rectifying K(+) channel, Kir2.1, using the cell-attached configuration of the patch-clamp technique. These mutations generated novel N-glycosylation sites at positions 128, 140, 143, and 147. Previously, we showed that these mutants were glycosylated, functional, and at the cell surface, which indicated that the putative pore-forming segment, including the invariant G(Y/F)G sequence of K(+) channels, was extracellular [Schwalbe, R. A., Rudin, A., Xia, S.-L., and Wingo, C. S. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 24382-24389]. In this study, three conductance states, corresponding to the main open state and two subconductance states, were identified in WT Kir2.1 channels expressed in infected Sf9 cells. Kir2.1 channels with mutations in the M1-M2 linker had at least one distinguishable conductance state of WT channels. In addition, these mutations altered the transitions, duration, and frequency of the defined populations of permeating and nonpermeating states. Of note, S128N had permeation rates similar to those of WT Kir2.1, but the total duration of the lower subconductance state was 3-5 times longer. Mutations in the signature sequence, I143N/Y145T, produced channels with permeation rates similar to those of the main open state and lower subconductance state of WT Kir2.1; however, the frequencies of these states were substantially different. These results demonstrate a novel functional role of the M1-M2 segment in regulating the transitions of the Kir2.1 channel and therefore suggest that this segment is a critical structural determinant in adjustments of pore conformations. Additionally, our results indicate that these mutants are correctly folded and thus further substantiate that the M1-M2 segment, including the G(Y/F)G sequence, is topologically extracellular.