PubMed 11904235

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: cacng3

Title: Linkage analysis between childhood absence epilepsy and genes encoding GABAA and GABAB receptors, voltage-dependent calcium channels, and the ECA1 region on chromosome 8q.

Authors: Robert Robinson, Nichole Taske, Thomas Sander, Armin Heils, William Whitehouse, Françoise Goutieres, Jean Aicardi, Anna Elina Lehesjoki, Auli Sirén, Mogens Laue Friis, Marianne Juel Kjeldsen, Chrysostomos Panayiotopoulos, Colin Kennedy, Colin Ferrie, Michele Rees, R Mark Gardiner

Journal, date & volume: Epilepsy Res., 2002 Feb , 48, 169-79

PubMed link:

Childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) is an idiopathic generalised epilepsy (IGE) characterised by onset of typical absence seizures in otherwise normal children of school age. A genetic component to aetiology is well established but the mechanism of inheritance and the genes involved are unknown. Available evidence suggests that mutations in genes encoding GABA receptors or brain expressed voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs) may underlie CAE. The aim of this work was to test this hypothesis by linkage analysis using microsatellite loci spanning theses genes in 33 nuclear families each with two or more individuals with CAE. Seventeen VDCC subunit genes, ten GABA(A)R subunit genes, two GABA(B) receptor genes and the ECA1 locus on 8q24 were investigated using 35 microsatellite loci. Assuming locus homogeneity, all loci gave statistically significant negative LOD scores, excluding these genes as major loci in the majority of these families. Positive HLOD scores assuming locus heterogeneity were observed for CACNG3 on chromosome 16p12-p13.1 and the GABRA5, GABRB3, GABRG3 cluster on chromosome 15q11-q13. Association studies are required to determine whether these loci are the site of susceptibility alleles in a subset of patients with CAE.