PubMed 12475570

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir3.1 , Kir6.2

Title: Regulation of cardiac inwardly rectifying potassium channels by membrane lipid metabolism.

Authors: Makoto Takano, Shinobu Kuratomi

Journal, date & volume: Prog. Biophys. Mol. Biol., 2003 Jan , 81, 67-79

PubMed link:

Types and distributions of inwardly rectifying potassium (Kir) channels are one of the major determinants of the electrophysiological properties of cardiac myocytes. Kir2.1 (classical inward rectifier K(+) channel), Kir6.2/SUR2A (ATP-sensitive K(+) channel) and Kir3.1/3.4 (muscarinic K(+) channels) in cardiac myocytes are commonly upregulated by a membrane lipid, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphates (PIP(2)). PIP(2) interaction sites appear to be conserved by positively charged amino acid residues and the putative alpha-helix in the C-terminals of Kir channels. PIP(2) level in the plasma membrane is regulated by the agonist stimulation. Kir channels in the cardiac myocytes seem to be actively regulated by means of the change in PIP(2) level rather than by downstream signal transduction pathways.