PubMed 12700677

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1

Title: Antisense knockdown of the Shaker-like Kv1.1 gene abolishes the central stimulatory effects of amphetamines in mice and rats.

Authors: Carla Ghelardini, Alessandro Quattrone, Nicoletta Galeotti, Silvia Livi, Grazia Banchelli, Laura Raimondi, Renato Pirisino

Journal, date & volume: Neuropsychopharmacology, 2003 Jun , 28, 1096-105

PubMed link:

Amphetamine (AMPH) is an indirect sympathomimetic compound classified as a substrate-type releaser that distinguishes it from other stimulants that act as uptake 1 blockers, such as cocaine (COC). In mammals, AMPH elicits central stimulation, hypermotility, anorexia, analgesia and analeptic activity, mainly through the increase of extracellular brain dopamine (DA). The inversion of vesicular transporters and/or intravesicular alkalinization is assumed to have a role in AMPH-induced exocytosis. However, the action mechanism of this compound has not yet been completely clarified. Recent evidence on the action of AMPHs indicates potassium channel-blocking properties in peripheral tissues. We investigated the possible involvement of a Shaker-like Kv1.1 channel subtype in the central effects of AMPH, using an antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotide (aODN) that specifically and reversibly inhibits the expression of these channels in the brain. The effect of aODN pretreatments was studied by evaluating the modification of behavioral effects induced in mice through the intracerebroventricular administration of AMPH, COC, or other compounds. The aODN in mice almost completely blocked the stimulatory effects of AMPH and other releasers but was ineffective in reducing the central activity of COC. In aODN-pretreated rats a strong reduction of the AMPH, but not of the COC-stimulated DA efflux from nucleus accumbens was observed. Our results suggest that the stimulant effects of AMPH and chemically related compounds, but not COC, require the presence of functionally active Kv1.1 channels in the brain.