PubMed 12665603

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC4 , Slo1

Title: Chloride currents in acutely isolated Xenopus retinal pigment epithelial cells.

Authors: H Criss Hartzell, Zhiqiang Qu

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2003 Jun 1 , 549, 453-69

PubMed link:

The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) regulates the ionic composition of the fluid surrounding the photoreceptors by transport mechanisms that utilize Cl- channels. Cl- currents in RPE cells, however, remain incompletely characterized. The purpose of this study was to identify the Cl- currents in acutely isolated Xenopus RPE cells using whole-cell patch clamp. We describe three different Cl- currents. (1) An inwardly rectifying Cl- current, ICl,ir, activates slowly with hyperpolarization (tauact = ~1 s at -80 mV, V1/2= -94 +/- 3 mV), is blocked by Zn2+ (IC50 =185 microM), is stimulated by acid (ICl,ir is 5 times larger at pH 6 than pH 8), and is blocked by DIDS in a voltage-dependent manner. ICl,ir closely resembles cloned ClC-2currents. (2) An outwardly rectifying Cl- current, ICl,Ca, is stimulated by elevated cytosolic free [Ca2+]. With 1 microM free [Ca2+]i in the patch pipette, ICl,Ca activates slowly with depolarization (tauact =325 ms at 100 mV) and deactivates upon hyperpolarization. ICl,Ca is not blocked by 1 mM Zn2+ or 10 microM Gd3+ but is blocked by DIDS. High extracellular [Ca2+] (10 mM) also activates ICl,Ca. (3) A non-rectifying current is activated by elevation of cytoplasmic cAMP with forskolin and IBMX. In addition to these three Cl- currents, Xenopus RPE cells exhibit a non-selective background current (Ibkg) which has a linear I-V relationship and is voltage insensitive. This current is blocked by Zn2+ (IC50 of 5.3 microM) or 10 microM Gd3+. This description provides new insights into the physiology of Cl- channels involved in salt and fluid transport by the retinal pigment epithelium.