PubMed 11991952

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1 , Kir2.1

Title: Site-directed glycosylation tagging of functional Kir2.1 reveals that the putative pore-forming segment is extracellular.

Authors: Ruth A Schwalbe, Alicia Rudin, Shen-Ling Xia, Charles S Wingo

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2002 Jul 5 , 277, 24382-9

PubMed link:

Inwardly rectifying K+ channels or Kirs are a large gene family and have been predicted to have two transmembrane segments, M1 and M2, intracellular N and C termini, and two extracellular loops, E1 and E2, separated by an intramembranous pore-forming segment, H5. H5 contains a stretch of eight residues that are similar in voltage-dependent K+ channels, Kvs, and this stretch is called the signature sequence of K+ channels. Because mutations in this sequence altered selectivity in Kvs, it has been designated as the selectivity filter. Previously, we used N-glycosylation substitution mutants to map the extracellular topology of a weak inwardly rectifying K+ channel, Kir1.1 or ROMK1, and found that the entire H5 segment was extracellular. We now report utilization of introduced N-glycosylation sites, NX(S/T), at positions Ser(128) in E1, and Gln(140), Ileu(143), and Phe(147) in the H5 sequence of a strong inwardly rectifying K+ channel, Kir2.1. Furthermore, we show that biotinylated channel proteins with N-linked oligosaccharides attached at positions 140 and 143 in the signature sequence are located at the cell surface. Mutant channels were functional as detected by whole-cell and single-channel recordings. Unlike Kir1.1, position Lys(117) was not occupied. We conclude that, for yet another K+ channel, the invariant G(Y/F)G sequence is extracellular rather than intramembranous.