PubMed 12564642

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir4.2

Title: Models of depressed hepatic mrp2 activity reveal bromosulphophthalein-sensitive passive K+ flux.

Authors: Qin Li, M Martha Briggs, Doris Folkens, Ceredwyn E Hill

Journal, date & volume: Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 2002 Dec , 80, 1167-72

PubMed link:

Bile acid independent flow composes up to 40% of hepatic bile secretory capacity. Apical (canalicular) efflux of non-bile-acid organic anions provides the major osmotic driving force for bile acid independent flow. Organic anion accumulation in the hepatocyte is accompanied by increases in both K+ conductance in isolated hepatocytes and passive K+ flux in the perfused rat liver, which are indicative of K+ channel activation. We used two models of disrupted canalicular anion transport to test whether organic anion stimulated K+ efflux occurs independently of anion excretion. In both wild type (wt) and mrp2 mutant (transport minus, tr-) rat liver, bromosulfophthalein (BSP; 0.5 mM) caused a reversible increase in K+ flux that (i) was outwardly directed with low external K+ and (ii) depended upon the electrochemical potential for K+. K+ efflux from wt livers of both sexes was about 1.5 times larger than that from tr- livers. Further, K+ release from female rat livers was about three times higher than that from male livers, independent of phenotype. Two transcripts of the rat hepatocyte K+ channel (Kir4.2) were expressed in hepatocytes of all rats. The results demonstrate that BSP stimulates basolateral (sinusoidal) K+ channels independently of its canalicular excretion, revealing an early event in BAIF and suggesting that Kir4.2 may mediate BSP-sensitive K+ flux.