PubMed 12080041

Referenced in: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kir2.2 , Kir3.1 , Kir3.2

Title: Characterization and channel coupling of the P2Y(12) nucleotide receptor of brain capillary endothelial cells.

Authors: Joseph Simon, Alexander K Filippov, Sara Göransson, Yung H Wong, Christian Frelin, Anton D Michel, David A Brown, Eric A Barnard

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2002 Aug 30 , 277, 31390-400

PubMed link:

Rat brain capillary endothelial (B10) cells express an unidentified nucleotide receptor linked to adenylyl cyclase inhibition. We show that this receptor in B10 cells is identical in sequence to the P2Y(12) ADP receptor ("P2Y(T)") of platelets. When expressed heterologously, 2-methylthio-ADP (2-MeSADP; EC(50), 2 nm), ADP, and adenosine 5'-O-(2-thio)diphosphate were agonists of cAMP decrease, and 2-propylthio-D-beta,gamma-difluoromethylene-ATP was a competitive antagonist (K(B), 28 nm), as in platelets. However, 2-methylthio-ATP (2-MeSATP) (EC(50), 0.4 nm), ATP (1.9 microm), and 2-chloro-ATP (190 nm), antagonists in the platelet, were also agonists. 2-MeSADP activated (EC(50), 0.1 nm) GIRK1/GIRK2 inward rectifier K(+) channels when co-expressed with P2Y(12) receptors in sympathetic neurons. Surprisingly, P2Y(1) receptors expressed likewise gave that response; however, a full inactivation followed, absent with P2Y(12) receptors. A new P2Y(12)-mediated transduction was found, the closing of native N-type Ca(2+) channels; again both 2-MeSATP and 2-MeSADP are agonists (EC(50), 0.04 and 0.1 nm, respectively). That action, like their cAMP response, was pertussis toxin-sensitive. The Ca(2+) channel inhibition and K(+) channel activation are mediated by beta gamma subunit release from a heterotrimeric G-protein. G alpha subunit types in B10 cells were also identified. The presence in the brain capillary endothelial cell of the P2Y(12) receptor is a significant extension of its functional range.