PubMed 12183454

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC3 , ClvC4

Title: ClC-3 is a fundamental molecular component of volume-sensitive outwardly rectifying Cl- channels and volume regulation in HeLa cells and Xenopus laevis oocytes.

Authors: Marcela Hermoso, Christina M Satterwhite, Yanire Naty Andrade, Jorge Hidalgo, Sean M Wilson, Burton Horowitz, Joseph R Hume

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2002 Oct 18 , 277, 40066-74

PubMed link:

Volume-sensitive osmolyte and anion channels (VSOACs) are activated upon cell swelling in most vertebrate cells. Native VSOACs are believed to be a major pathway for regulatory volume decrease (RVD) through efflux of chloride and organic osmolytes. ClC-3 has been proposed to encode native VSOACs in Xenopus laevis oocytes and in some mammalian cells, including cardiac and vascular smooth muscle cells. The relationship between the ClC-3 chloride channel, the native volume-sensitive osmolyte and anion channel (VSOAC) currents, and cell volume regulation in HeLa cells and X. laevis oocytes was investigated using ClC-3 antisense. In situ hybridization in HeLa cells, semiquantitative and real-time PCR, and immunoblot studies in HeLa cells and X. laevis oocytes demonstrated the presence of ClC-3 mRNA and protein, respectively. Exposing both cell types to hypotonic solutions induced cell swelling and activated native VSOACs. Transient transfection of HeLa cells with ClC-3 antisense oligonucleotide or X. laevis oocytes injected with antisense cRNA abolished the native ClC-3 mRNA transcript and protein and significantly reduced the density of native VSOACs activated by hypotonically induced cell swelling. In addition, antisense against native ClC-3 significantly impaired the ability of HeLa cells and X. laevis oocytes to regulate their volume. These results suggest that ClC-3 is an important molecular component underlying VSOACs and the RVD process in HeLa cells and X. laevis oocytes.