Channelpedia

PubMed 18625849


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5



Title: Voltage clamp fluorimetry reveals a novel outer pore instability in a mammalian voltage-gated potassium channel.

Authors: Moninder Vaid, Thomas W Claydon, Saman Rezazadeh, David Fedida

Journal, date & volume: J. Gen. Physiol., 2008 Aug , 132, 209-22

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18625849


Abstract
Voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channel gating involves complex structural rearrangements that regulate the ability of channels to conduct K(+) ions. Fluorescence-based approaches provide a powerful technique to directly report structural dynamics underlying these gating processes in Shaker Kv channels. Here, we apply voltage clamp fluorimetry, for the first time, to study voltage sensor motions in mammalian Kv1.5 channels. Despite the homology between Kv1.5 and the Shaker channel, attaching TMRM or PyMPO fluorescent probes to substituted cysteine residues in the S3-S4 linker of Kv1.5 (M394C-V401C) revealed unique and unusual fluorescence signals. Whereas the fluorescence during voltage sensor movement in Shaker channels was monoexponential and occurred with a similar time course to ionic current activation, the fluorescence report of Kv1.5 voltage sensor motions was transient with a prominent rapidly dequenching component that, with TMRM at A397C (equivalent to Shaker A359C), represented 36 +/- 3% of the total signal and occurred with a tau of 3.4 +/- 0.6 ms at +60 mV (n = 4). Using a number of approaches, including 4-AP drug block and the ILT triple mutation, which dissociate channel opening from voltage sensor movement, we demonstrate that the unique dequenching component of fluorescence is associated with channel opening. By regulating the outer pore structure using raised (99 mM) external K(+) to stabilize the conducting configuration of the selectivity filter, or the mutations W472F (equivalent to Shaker W434F) and H463G to stabilize the nonconducting (P-type inactivated) configuration of the selectivity filter, we show that the dequenching of fluorescence reflects rapid structural events at the selectivity filter gate rather than the intracellular pore gate.