PubMed 12383274

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ2 , Kv7.2

Title: Genetic identifiers of epilepsy.

Authors: Sunao Kaneko, Hiroto Iwasa, Motohiro Okada

Journal, date & volume: Epilepsia, 2002 , 43 Suppl 9, 16-20

PubMed link:

Epilepsy affects >0.5% of the world's population and has a large genetic component. The most common human genetic epilepsies display a complex pattern of inheritance, and the identity of the susceptibility genes is largely unknown despite recent advances in molecular biology. However, genetic identifiers of certain types of epilepsy with neurodegenerative characteristics and of a small number of familial idiopathic epilepsies have been uncovered to date. This article reviews recent progress made in molecular genetics of epilepsy, focusing mostly on idiopathic epilepsy together with our own discovery of novel mutations in the genes of autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy and benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNCs), and the genetic locus of benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy. Pathogenesis of epilepsy as a channelopathy and of BFNC also is discussed.