Channelpedia

PubMed 18195348


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1



Title: Endocytosis and recycling of AMPA receptors lacking GluR2/3.

Authors: Virginie Biou, Samarjit Bhattacharyya, Robert C Malenka

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2008 Jan 22 , 105, 1038-43

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18195348


Abstract
Excitatory synapses in the mammalian brain contain two types of ligand-gated ion channels: AMPA receptors (AMPARs) and NMDA receptors (NMDARs). AMPARs are responsible for generating excitatory synaptic responses, whereas NMDAR activation triggers long-lasting changes in these responses by modulating the trafficking of AMPARs toward and away from synapses. AMPARs are tetramers composed of four subunits (GluR1-GluR4), which current models suggest govern distinct AMPAR trafficking behavior during synaptic plasticity. Here, we address the roles of GluR2 and GluR3 in controlling the recycling- and activity-dependent endocytosis of AMPARs by using cultured hippocampal neurons prepared from knockout (KO) mice lacking these subunits. We find that synapses and dendritic spines form normally in cells lacking GluR2/3 and that upon NMDAR activation, GluR2/3-lacking AMPARs are endocytosed in a manner indistinguishable from GluR2-containing AMPARs in wild-type (WT) neurons. AMPARs lacking GluR2/3 also recycle to the plasma membrane identically to WT AMPARs. However, because of their permeability to calcium, GluR2-lacking but not WT AMPARs exhibited robust internalization throughout the dendritic tree in response to AMPA application. Dendritic endocytosis of AMPARs also was observed in GABAergic neurons, which express a high proportion of GluR2-lacking AMPARs. These results demonstrate that GluR2 and GluR3 are not required for activity-dependent endocytosis of AMPARs and suggest that the most important property of GluR2 in the context of AMPAR trafficking may be its influence on calcium permeability.