Channelpedia

PubMed 12904289


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4 , ClvC5



Title: Cofilin interacts with ClC-5 and regulates albumin uptake in proximal tubule cell lines.

Authors: Deanne H Hryciw, Yinghong Wang, Olivier Devuyst, Carol A Pollock, Philip Poronnik, William B Guggino

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2003 Oct 10 , 278, 40169-76

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12904289


Abstract
Receptor-mediated endocytosis is a constitutive high capacity pathway for the reabsorption of proteins from the glomerular filtrate by the renal proximal tubule. ClC-5 is a voltage-gated chloride channel found in the proximal tubule where it has been shown to be essential for protein uptake, based on evidence from patients with Dent's disease and studies in ClC-5 knockout mice. To further delineate the role of ClC-5 in albumin uptake, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen with the C-terminal tail of ClC-5 to identify any interactions of the channel with proteins involved in endocytosis. We found that the C-terminal tail of ClC-5 bound the actin depolymerizing protein, cofilin, a result that was confirmed by GST-fusion pulldown assays. In cultured proximal tubule cells, cofilin was distributed in nuclear, cytoplasmic, and microsomal fractions and co-localized with ClC-5. Phosphorylation of cofilin by overexpressing LIM kinase 1 resulted in a stabilization of the actin cytoskeleton. Phosphorylation of cofilin in two proximal tubule cell models (porcine renal proximal tubule and opossum kidney) was also accompanied by a pronounced inhibition of albumin uptake. This study identifies a novel interaction between the C-terminal tail of ClC-5 and cofilin, an actin-associated protein that is crucial in the regulation of albumin uptake by the proximal tubule.