PubMed 11880277

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv1.5

Title: Activation of K(+) channels and increased migration of differentiated intestinal epithelial cells after wounding.

Authors: Jaladanki N Rao, Oleksandr Platoshyn, Li Li, Xin Guo, Vera A Golovina, Jason X-J Yuan, Jian-Ying Wang

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2002 Apr , 282, C885-98

PubMed link:

Early mucosal restitution occurs by epithelial cell migration to reseal superficial wounds after injury. Differentiated intestinal epithelial cells induced by forced expression of the Cdx2 gene migrate over the wounded edge much faster than undifferentiated parental cells in an in vitro model. This study determined whether these differentiated intestinal epithelial cells exhibit increased migration by altering voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channel expression and cytosolic free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](cyt)). Stable Cdx2-transfected IEC-6 cells (IEC-Cdx2L1) with highly differentiated phenotype expressed higher basal levels of Kv1.1 and Kv1.5 mRNAs and proteins than parental IEC-6 cells. Neither IEC-Cdx2L1 cells nor parental IEC-6 cells expressed voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels. The increased expression of Kv channels in differentiated IEC-Cdx2L1 cells was associated with an increase in whole cell K(+) currents, membrane hyperpolarization, and a rise in [Ca(2+)](cyt). The migration rates in differentiated IEC-Cdx2L1 cells were about four times those of parental IEC-6 cells. Inhibition of Kv channel expression by polyamine depletion decreased [Ca(2+)](cyt), reduced myosin stress fibers, and inhibited cell migration. Elevation of [Ca(2+)](cyt) by ionomycin promoted myosin II stress fiber formation and increased cell migration. These results suggest that increased migration of differentiated intestinal epithelial cells is mediated, at least partially, by increasing Kv channel activity and Ca(2+) influx during restitution.