PubMed 12381814

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KChip1 , Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.1 , Kv4.2 , Kv4.3 , Slo1

Title: Contribution of Kv4 channels toward the A-type potassium current in murine colonic myocytes.

Authors: Gregory C Amberg, Sang Don Koh, William J Hatton, Keith J Murray, Kevin Monaghan, Burton Horowitz, Kenton M Sanders

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2002 Oct 15 , 544, 403-15

PubMed link:

A rapidly inactivating K(+) current (A-type current; I(A)) present in murine colonic myocytes is important in maintaining physiological patterns of slow wave electrical activity. The kinetic profile of colonic I(A) resembles that of Kv4-derived currents. We examined the contribution of Kv4 alpha-subunits to I(A) in the murine colon using pharmacological, molecular and immunohistochemical approaches. The divalent cation Cd(2+) decreased peak I(A) and shifted the voltage dependence of activation and inactivation to more depolarized potentials. Similar results were observed with La(3+). Colonic I(A) was sensitive to low micromolar concentrations of flecainide (IC(50) = 11 microM). Quantitative PCR indicated that in colonic and jejunal tissue, Kv4.3 transcripts demonstrate greater relative abundance than transcripts encoding Kv4.1 or Kv4.2. Antibodies revealed greater Kv4.3-like immunoreactivity than Kv4.2-like immunoreactivity in colonic myocytes. Kv4-like immunoreactivity was less evident in jejunal myocytes. To address this finding, we examined the expression of K(+) channel-interacting proteins (KChIPs), which act as positive modulators of Kv4-mediated currents. Qualitative PCR identified transcripts encoding the four known members of the KChIP family in isolated colonic and jejunal myocytes. However, the relative abundance of KChIP transcript was 2.6-fold greater in colon tissue than in jejunum, as assessed by quantitative PCR, with KChIP1 showing predominance. This observation is in accordance with the amplitude of the A-type current present in these two tissues, where colonic myocytes possess densities twice that of jejunal myocytes. From this we conclude that Kv4.3, in association with KChIP1, is the major molecular determinant of I(A) in murine colonic myocytes.