PubMed 12882916

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK1 , SK2 , SK3

Title: Small-conductance calcium-activated K+ channels are expressed in pancreatic islets and regulate glucose responses.

Authors: Natalia A Tamarina, Yong Wang, Loris Mariotto, Andrey Kuznetsov, Chris Bond, John Adelman, Louis H Philipson

Journal, date & volume: Diabetes, 2003 Aug , 52, 2000-6

PubMed link:

Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion is associated with transients of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration [Ca(2+)](i) in the pancreatic beta-cell. We identified the expression and function of specific small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (SK) channel genes in insulin-secreting cells. The presence of mRNA for SK1, -2, -3, and -4 (intermediate-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) 1 [IK1]) channels was demonstrated by RT-PCR in rodent islets and insulinoma cells. SK2 and -3 proteins in mouse islets were detected by immunoblot and immunocytochemistry. In the tTA-SK3 tet-off mouse, a normal amount of SK3 protein was present in islets, but it became undetectable after exposure to doxycycline (DOX), which inhibits the transcription of the tTA-SK3 gene. The SK/IK channel-blockers apamin, dequalinium, and charybdotoxin caused increases in average [Ca(2+)](i) levels and in frequency of [Ca(2+)](i) oscillations in wild-type mouse islets. In SK3-tTA tet-off mice, the addition of apamin with glucose and tetraethylammonium (TEA) caused a similar elevation in [Ca(2+)](i), which was greatly diminished after DOX suppression of SK3 expression. We conclude that SK1, -2, -3, and IK1 (SK4) are expressed in islet cells and insulin-secreting cells and are able to influence glucose-induced calcium responses, thereby regulating insulin secretion.