PubMed 12784733

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.1 , Kir6.2

Title: [Molecular and electrophysiological investigation of ATP-sensitive K+ channels in lower urinary tract function: the aims for clinical treatment of unstable detrusor]

Authors: Noriyoshi Teramoto

Journal, date & volume: Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi, 2003 May , 121, 317-24

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It is a common sequelae of bladder outlet obstruction caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia in adult males and gives rise to significant bladder dysfunction such as frequency and urgency of micturition. The unstable detrusor contractions may lead to urge incontinence. Since it has been reported that experimentally-induced bladder instability can be abolished by ATP-sensitive K+ channel (KATP channel) openers, various types of detrusor-selective KATP channels have been newly synthesized, targeting KATP channels in urinary bladder. Thus, the significant differences in molecular and pharmacological properties of KATP channels between urinary bladder and urethra hold out some hope for the development of tissue-selective KATP channel openers for urge urinary incontinence, and detrusor-selective KATP channel openers should be screened against urethral as well as vascular smooth muscle. In functional expression experiments, pharmacological and electrophysiological studies have reported that SUR1/Kir6.2 represents the pancreatic beta-cell KATP channel and that SUR2A/Kir6.2 is thought to represent the cardiac KATP channel, whereas SUR2B/Kir6.1 represents the smooth muscle-type KATP channel. In general, the smooth muscle type-KATP channel is (i) of a relatively small conductance (about 20 pS under quasi-physiological conditions, approximately 40 pS in symmetrical 140 mM K+ conditions), (ii) intracellular Ca(2+)-insensitive, (iii) inhibited by intracellular ATP, (iv) abolished by glibenclamide at a submicromolar concentration, and (v) reactivated by intracellular nucleoside diphosphates (NDPs). There has been no report concerning the properties of KATP channels in human detrusor by use of single-channel recordings. We would like to introduce our recent evidence of novel synthesized detrusor-selective KATP channel openers and properties of KATP channels in the lower urinary tract.